In German Easter called "Ostern. These two names originate from same name of the goddess Ishtar (Astarte). The holiday in honor of this goddess was celebrated in spring, as a holiday of new life and growing sun. Therefore the words have the same root: “East” or “Ost” which is means: “The East, or the place, whence the sun rises”. The festival which had been held long before the Christianity came, was celebrated in honor of the spring sun, which brought new life to the land. This symbolic was taken by the Church, and other interpretation was given to it: «Easter is the holiday of new life of Resurrected Christ, as eternal and not created Light” *. Assyrian form of the name Ishtar - Ishtar-miti-uballit, means: “Ishtar revives the dead”. Thus, the theme of resurrection in Easter is also connected with her – the goddess Ishtar (Astarte).
The Jews, frequently adopting the customs of the neighboring peoples, have also adopted the holiday Ishtar, which was celebrated after Jewish Passover, оn Sundays. In Deuterm. 16 it is said that just after Passover the days of unleavened bread are celebrated. However in Acts12:3-4 we read: “Then were the days of unleavened bread, he (king Herod), put him (Peter) in prison, and delivered him to four squads of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people”. You see, it is said about Easter, which follows the days of unleavened bread. In KJB in this case it is said not about Passover, but about Easter (Ishtar). At first the churches of eastern part of the Roman empire celebrated Passover in fixed time, however Pope Victor I (189-199) under fear of an excommunication from the Church forbade to celebrate "Jewish" Passover and has fixed the universal day for celebrating Easter, according to the Roman’s tradition. And today it is the pagan Easter, that modern churches celebrate on Sundays, not Passover established by God.
The festival devoted to the spring sun originates from the same legend about Semiramis. The mother of Nimrod -Tammuz, Semiramith, became known as “Magna Mŕter” - “the Great Mother”, and was worshipped, as the Mother Earth. It was considered that each spring the sun (Tammuz) fertilized the ground. The rituals of spring included worshipping phallus. Today we can find the echo of the phallus cult, for example, in city Kavasaky Dayshi, in the southwest from Tokyo, where phallus festival is held annually on last Sunday of March, or on first Sunday of April. The festival of the newborn sun (Christmas) was celebrated in 9 months (the time of bearing the child) after the festival of fertility - Easter.
days before the festival the fast was kept, the people mourned over the of death
Tammuz (Attis, Adonis) (Ezek.8:14). On last Sunday of March he revived as sun
god giving life to every living thing. Thus, the
fast before Easter also had its “dark" past.
the day of Ishtar the people always baked pies in honor of this goddess
(Jer.7:18; 44:19). And nowadays people can bake pies on various holidays, but
only on Easter the
special Easter pie is obligatory until now.
same origin has kutia (soaked grains of wheat
with honey). This dish was cooked in honor of Attis (Tammuz), the god of
fertility. Boiled eggs were
decorated in memory of a lunar egg, on which, ostensibly, Semiramith
descended from the Moon in waters of the river Euphrates (it is the echo of a
myth about birth of Venus from the sea. Venus - another name of Semiramith,
Ishtar, Astarte. Each of them has the planet Venus as a symbol).
attribute of any holiday, was borrowed from rituals of Mithras temples.
rabbits, so popular in
celebration of Ister in the west have of course nothing in common with
celebration of Resurrection of Jesus. They came from the Ancient-Babylon
tradition of reverence of the rabbits, because Tammuz, the son of Semiramith,
being a man, loved rabbits. To cajole him people decorated their houses with the
images of the rabbits.
*Francis X. Weiser, Handbook of Christian Feasts and Customs .New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1958, p. 211.