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Ellen White - prophet?   

Time in prophecies 

Parallelism in prophecies

Earth after Second coming 

1260 days of the little horn  

Has GOD Left Israel Forever?  

Prophecy about the tree 

70-weeks prophecy.
Starting point

The prophecy itself 

Prophecy about 2300 days 

Opening of the Seals 

The image, beasts of Daniel and "Revelation" 

Beasts of "Revelation"

Whore of Babylon

Trumpets of “Revelation”  

The 7-th trumpet


Two prophets 

After the last battle

New or Restored Jerusalem?

Second Resurrection

New Jerusalem on the old planet?

After the 6-th bowl of wrath

The Judgment  

Some Adventists mistakes 

Time frame of the last days


Is it important to know?

Who was Jesus before He came first time?  

How conflict in heaven had began? 

Holy Feasts 

Why Sacrifices?  

The Tabernacle 

Meaning of Sacrifices

Day of Atonement



Seal of God and Mark of the Beast

The Book of Life

Time in Egypt

Time from Exodus to Solomon   
Application of Jephthan 

When did Exodus take place?

When will Jesus return?

What happens when we die?

God's Plan

To Adventists: Food for Thoughts 

Aliens  vs. demons 



34.  The Day of Atonement

Once a year, in the Day of Atonement, a high priest sacrificed a bullock for sins of priests ( from Aaron and all his family - Lev.16:6) and a he-goat for sins of people of Israel. After that he had taken burning coals of fire from the altar of incense (Lev.16:12,13) and brought it into the Most Holy before the Lord. The cloud of the incense covered the mercy seat that was upon the arc of the Covenant "that he die not " (16:13), and the high priest had sprinkled the blood of the bullock and blood of the goat  with his finger upon the mercy seat. Then he sprinkled the same blood unto the ark of incense, and bodies of the sacrificed animals were burnt outside of the camp. So priests, Israel society, the sanctuary, the tabernacle and the altar were cleansed (Lev.16:17,20). .

After that a scapegoat was brought, the high priest confessed over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and the goat was released to die in desert.

The ritual of the Day of Atonement is very symbolical and helps understand, what had occurred in heaven before Jesus' first coming, what had happened after His resurrection, what’s happening today,  what will take place in His Second coming, and even what will occur in 1000 years after the Second coming.

Thus, during a year confessed sins of people caused by Satan, were accumulated on priests (they ate sin sacrifices) . In the Day of Atonement in order to purify themselves from those sins and their own sins, committed due their own imperfect nature, a bull was sacrificed. People of Israel sacrificed a he-goat for all the sins they had done during a year due their imperfect nature and under influence of Satan. 

Incense of the altar (the altar is symbol of Jesus –Heb.13:10-12), which was brought into the Most Holy place, symbolized Jesus' prayers (Rev.5:8). Before the first coming Jesus had been praying before the Most High for forgiveness of all sins of all people, in His prayers there was His promise to accept death for every confessed sin and the request for protection of the believers from intrigues of Satan (Judas 9). Due His prayers (incense smock) a high priest could be in the presence of Most High, i.e. he could enter the Most Holy place and remained alive. Owing to His prayers The Most High accepted people’s repentance of their sins, which were done by reason of their  own imperfect nature as well as by reason of Satan’s interventions. 

Then the blood of both animals was sprinkled on the altar of incense (symbol of Jesus). That means that sins were placed on Jesus as on our Creator. The sins were forgiven (for ex..:Lev.4:20,26), i.e. the people remained alive and could rely on  God’s mercy and help in all their affairs, could count on an eternal life on the earth, i.e. salvation (at that time people already knew about God’s Judgment Day and resurrection of the dead: Isa.26:19; Isa.25:8; Ps.119:81; Eccl.12:14; John 11:24). However their sins were not forgotten, the sins still were left on Jesus, that is why for Heavenly Kingdom people remained unclean.

It’s said that by blood of the bull and he-goat the Most Holy place and altar of incense were cleansed.. When Jesus ascended to heaven as our high priest and "Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us" (Heb.9:12), He symbolically sprinkled His blood on the Arc of the Covenant. God forgave all sins to people for whom Jesus has interceded (Col.2:13).

All sins of people were carefully investigated before angels, and Satan was recognized to be guilty of all: "Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out" (John 12:31), "the prince of this world is judged" (John 16:11). Thus God the Father (the Most Holy place) and Jesus (altar of incense) were cleansed off Satan’s slanders before all angels. 

The prophecy about 2300 days tells that since Jews had constructed the temple of God after the Babylonian captivity, the heavenly sanctuary had been trampled by Satan and his angels. The temple had no more Ark of the Covenant, and that fact was considered  by Satan as proof that God was disappointed in people, He doesn’t know future, and all His plans to save mankind were canceled.

Due to intrigues of Satan many angels perceived sins caused by him, as sins caused by imperfectness of people’s nature, by imperfectness of their Creator. For all sins of humans Satan was accusing Jesus and God the Father, who had created us.

When Jesus accepted His death, Day of Atonement took place. All angels saw the great and perfect God’s Plan of salvation of people. Jesus entered the Most Holy to the 
Father as true high priest of people, having cleansed 
Himself and the Father off all accusations of Satan.

Being embittered and slandering against God’s saints (Rev.12:10), Satan organized a plot against them and The Most High, but he was conquered (Rev.12:9). And, as the scapegoat he was dumped on the earth together with his angels (Rev.12:9), "knowing that he hath but a short time" (Rev.12:12). The Heavenly sanctuary was cleansed, and all Kingdom of Heaven came under the authority of Jesus. 
This event took place, as it was shown earlier (2300 days prophecy), in 1850AD.

If Jesus would refuse to die, the ritual of Day of Atonement would not be accomplished, sins of the people would not be placed on Satan and then people must die for all their sins themselves.

Jesus' sacrifice  was "to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God " (Rom.3:25,26.) By His death Jesus had redeemed sins made in the First Testament (Heb.9:15), i.e. sins which were done since the acceptance of the Law at the mount of Sinai. "For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law" (Rom.5:13) because "by the law is the knowledge of sin" (Rom.3:20).

It doesn’t mean, that no sin will be counted to people who lived before the Law. And before the Law people already 
knew what is an evil, i.e. sin. Cain and Lamech understood well that they committed sin of murder (Gen.4:14,24); 
Lot understood that Sodomites were sinning (Gen.19:7); Abimelech and Joseph understood, that it is sin - to take a someone's wife (Gen.20:9; 39:9); Joseph's brothers understood, that it is sin - to sell into a slavery their own brother (Gen.42:21,22). Moral laws were well-known to all people. Even people who didn’t know God had the law written in their hearts (Rom.2:12-15). Those sins which people didn’t know about, will not be counted to them (Luk.12:47,48; John 15:22).

As a high priest bore lacks of holy gifts devoted by sons of Israel (Ex.28:38), so and Jesus took on Himself sins of those who left some of committed sins without repentance. Thus 
the righteous who lived before Jesus’ coming also received chance to enter the Kingdom of Heaven .

After redemption of sins made in the First Testament, Jesus "because he continueth ever…... able also to save them to 
the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them
" (Heb.7:24,25). Thus, 
on Golgotha Jesus' mission didn’t finish. Today as the high priest "
who … maketh intercession for us" (Rom.8:34) 
before God, He cleans us from our sins and transfers them 
on Satan. 

During the Second coming the Day of Atonement will take place on the Earth. Saints as priests of God, will be cleansed of all sins and will be taken to heaven. Their sins will be transfer on the wicked (the goat for sin sacrifice) and Satan (the scapegoat). The wicked will be sacrificed for sin 
(Isa.34:6; Zeph.1:7) - as goats (Mat.25:32-46). Satan as the scapegoat will be cast under the ground where there fallen angels are today (Ezek.31:16. See ch.2). The same will occur 1000 years after the Second coming. The wicked, who will gather for the last battle, will be sacrificed for sin, Satan will 
be cast into the lake of fire.                 

Thus, all the future events were concealed in the rituals of 
the holy feasts. However, the first and most important holy feast is Passover.


Passover was celebrated on 14th of the first month, at evening (Num.28:16; Lev.23:5 Deu.16:6) in the memory of the event when God sent 10-th plague on Egypt (Ex.12:12,13) and killed all its first-borns.  The Jews by the commanded of God striked the blood of Passover lamb on their doors, and death didn’t enter their houses. Thus, Passover was killed at evening. At night all Egypt first-borns were killed, but all Jewish first-borns thanks to the blood of a lamb were saved. So the Feast of first fruits took place (the first-borns saved their lives).  In the same night the Pharaoh ordered Jews to leave Egypt (Num.33:3). They left Egypt , caring with them an unleavened dough (Ex.12:34). In the same night (15-th had already begun after sunset), in 15-th, they ate Passover with unleavened  bread (Ex.12:8,39; Deu.16:3). Later in the memory of salvation of Jewish first-borns, in that night, in 15-th, the first sheaf of wheat was brought before the Lord (Lev.23:11), that was the Day of the firstfruits.  Therefore the Feast of firstfruits and the first day of the Feast of unleavened bread is the same day (Ex.12:17), or more correct: is the same night, which follows after Passover evening. Night to be observed unto the Lord (Ex.12:42; Deu.16:16).


Jesus was called a pure and innocent Lamb (1Pet.1:19; John 1:29), God’s Passover (1Cor.5:7). Jesus was crucified in the day of Passover, when the lamb had to be killed. As Passover had to be killed when was getting dark, so and Jesus, being on a cross in the middle of day (about from 10AM to 4PM), died when it was dark (Mat. 27:45-50), because The Most High had covered the sun in order the ritual of the sacrifice of The Passover was executed correctly. As bones of Passover couldn’t be broken and meat of it could not stay till the morning (Num.9:12; Ex.12:10; 34:25), so and Jesus was removed from the cross before morning prior the other persecuted had their legs broken (John 19:32-36).

Hence, by the blood of a lamb all first-borns of Israel were redeemed from death. Egyptians were terrified, that all of 
them would be killed by God of Israel, and for this reason 
they released all Jews from their slavery.

Instead of the redeemed by blood of a lamb first-borns God had chosen the tribe of Levi: " on the day that I smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them for myself. And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel" (Num.8:17-18); 
"Thus shalt thou separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be mine" (Num.8:14). 

Thus, by the blood of Passover  all first-borns were saved from death. All who followed God’s command were saved from slavery. And the first-borns (i.e. Levites) were consecrated for the sacred service in the tabernacle (Num.3:6-9), i.e. first-borns became priests (Levites - low rank priests) .

Only the circumcised (sons of Israel and foreigners who 
lived among Israel) could eat Passover  (Ex.12:43-44,48-49; Num.9:14) and only they could enter the courtyard of the tabernacle (Deu.16:5,6.). Levites were allowed into the sanctuary to the table of showbreads and to the lampstand, however they could not approach to the altar of incense and to the veil before the Holy Holiest. Only Aaron's sons, priests (high rank priests),  could approach the altar of incense (Num.16:40). Into Holy Holiest only the high priest –Aaron - could enter. What’s it mean? Who are the redeemed from slavery, who are first-borns –the priests and who is the high priest?

As you remember, only those who realized their sins and desired the Divine pardon, i.e. those who searched for God (Ex.33:7) came into the tabernacle. Those who are indifferent to God, do not repent of their sins, i.e. those who do not search for God - will be destroyed (Zeph.1:4,6). That means, the tabernacle was a symbol of salvation, the symbol of the God’s governing on the earth, the symbol of the new earth where only the saved will live.

So, the altar of burnt offerings in the courtyard of tabernacle symbolized those who realized their sins and repented them. In order for a person to bring an animal for a sin sacrifice, 
he had to realize his sin. In the courtyard of tabernacle 
people were coming with the sacrificial animals (Lev.9:24).

It means, the court yard of tabernacle represented the repented sinners because without a repentance there is no salvation (Luk.13:5). Thus, the courtyard of the tabernacle represented the saved.

The sanctuary was in the middle of the courtyard of tabernacle, and it was fenced from people by a veil. Only Levites and Aaron’s family could behind the veil into the sanctuary.

If the altar of burnt offering, the laver and all accessories in the courtyard were made of brass, everything what was in 
the sanctuary was made of gold. If the veil of the courtyard 
of tabernacle was done just with a beautiful
needlework (Ex.27:16; 38:18) the veil of the sanctuary (Ex.26:1) and the veil of the Most Holy place (Ex.26:31-33) had images of cherubs on them. It means, the sanctuary represented something higher than just salvation.

The sanctuary represented Kingdom of Heaven or the priesthood on the new earth (Rev.20:6) where only those 
who redeemed by blood of Jesus - both old testament Jews and new testament Christians can enter. "T
he priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them" (Ex.19:22) and the Jesus’ believers are already sanctified: "we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all
" (Heb.10:10). Hence, the sanctuary represented the priesthood  on the new earth - "first-borns", the "first-fruits".

High rank priests in the earthly sanctuary were Aaron’ sons (later – sons of Zadok); low rank priests or servants in the sanctuary and tabernacle were the rest of Levite’ family -Levites. They represented a little ones in the Kingdom of Heaven, priests – the great ones (Mat.5:19). Aaron, the high priest , represented Jesus – The High priest.

Priests could enter the sanctuary only after they were 
washed by water from the laver before the sanctuary. The laver was a symbol of a water
baptism of repentance for the remission of sins (Luke 3:3). So only those will able to enter Kingdom of Heaven who will be born anew "of water and of the Spirit" (John 3:5), i.e. through a repentance and acceptance of Holy Spirit (John 3:3; 1Sam.10:6,9 . See ch.26).

The veil, which was before the sanctuary, was a barrier between salvation and the Kingdom which could be taken down only by Holy Spirit (2Cor.3:14-17), given by Jesus. This veil in the earthly sanctuary was torn apart in the moment of Jesus' death (Mat.27:51.) "Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the sanctuary (in Greek it is “holies”, which is plural “holy places”: Holy and Most Holy places. . In many translations, including KJV, translated as holiest [Most holy place], which is not correct) by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh" (Heb.10:19,20). Thus by His death Jesus had opened new (means: there was an old one) way to become priests of God and enter the sanctuary which is Kingdom of Heaven, through faith in Jesus.

Many teach, that at Jesus' death the veil before Holy Holiest was torn apart. 

It is incorrect. As we have already considered, the tabernacle was a symbol of salvation, a sanctuary – symbol of Heavenly kingdom. The sanctuary consisted of Holy place and Most Holy place. Everything in Holy place – breads, lampstand and altar of incense - symbolized Jesus. The ark in the Most Holy place symbolized God The Father.

By His death Jesus had opened to the saved access to His department: "where I am, my servant also will be " (John 12:26); " And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also " (John 14:3). "Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am " (John 17:24). Jesus invited the saved to come to Him. He invited us to be priests, not high priests. Our high priest is Jesus. And He will be the high priest always. And God the Father always will have the highest position – Holy Holiest.

If the curtain before the Holy Holiest was torn, it would be the invitation for us to come to God the Father. Then why would we need the high priest - Jesus? However Jesus told: «no man cometh unto the Father, but by me» (John14:6). When at the moment of Jesus’ death the veil before the sanctuary was torn that meant we don’t need priests any more to make cleansing rituals. We already were cleansed and sanctified by His blood: «we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all» (Heb.10:10). Therefore we themselves can be the priests. However we need the High priest « to make intercession for» us before the Father (Heb.7:25).

The veil was torn at the moment of Jesus’ death, in the day of the slaughtering of Passover lamb. Passover was the very great holy day, and there were a lot of people from distant towns who came in Jerusalem temple with their sacrifice animals, because it was necessary to kill, bake and eat the Passover in a holy place (Deu.16:2,7). Because of many people  Passover lamb was killed much earlier than sunset 
at the end of 14-th. Jesus’ disciples killed a Passover even in the beginning of 14th (which in solar calendar is 13th after sunset). Therefore all priests were busy in the courtyard before the sanctuary. In the Holy place, if it wasn’t necessary to sprinkle a blood on the altar of incense for certain sins of the priests or society (which wasn’t done in holy feasts anyway), the priests entered into only in a morning and evening: to light the lamps and incense on the altar 
(Ex. 30:7,8). If in the temple at the moment of Jesus’ death (afternoon) the curtain before the Most Holy place was torn apart, who would be able to see it? One, maybe two priests, who would come into the sanctuary by an accident? They would report about it to the authorities and certainly would try to hide it from the people. Therefore the assumption, that the curtain before the sanctuary was torn apart is much more logical, then the claim that curtain before Most Holy was torn.

Priests always killed animals outside of the sanctuary: in a courtyard of the tabernacle. When Jesus died, there the sacrifice outside of Kingdom of Heaven, i.e. outside of the sanctuary, was accomplished. As priests brought blood of victims for certain sins of the consecrated (priests and society) into the sanctuary, so and Jesus at His death cleansed the dead saints of their repented sins and opened to them way to Him (to the altar of incense) into the heavenly Kingdom. Therefore at the night after the crucifixion the feast of the first fruits was held: saints were cleansed of their sins and were resurrected.

Only 40 days after the crucifixion Jesus had ascended into the Most Holy of heavenly sanctuary, to The Father (John.20:17; Act.1:3) and gain eternal salvation for all future generations. Therefore the veil, which was torn apart during the moment of His death, did not symbolized that the way into the Most Holy to the Father was opened for Him. The veil was torn in the earthly sanctuary and meant that for people 
access into the Heavenly Kingdom (to the altar of incense) 
is opened.

The mistake in understanding, which veil was really torn apart, comes from incorrect literal interpretation of “Hebrews”: 4:14-16 (which really means: we come to God without fear, because we have the great high priest);
6:17-20 (God gave  the heirs of His promise the hope [7:19], that Jesus will become the high priest of people, Who first  [not earlier than us, but for the first time in history of mankind] will come to Father for us [for our rights] to the Father);
9:8 (by means of the Law it is impossible enter in the Kingdom of heaven);
10:18-20 (in order for Jesus become the high priest and enter the Most Holy place He needed accept the death, therefore the veil between Holy place and Holy Holiest in earthly sanctuary symbolized body of Christ. Through His body He came to the Father, however By His death He opened for the people the way into Kingdom of Heaven [into the sanctuary]).

Thus, by His death Jesus opened to His believers an opportunity to become priests of God and to enter into the sanctuary which is Kingdom of Heaven.

 Now let's see, what kind of sacrifice was Passover.

 The bible tells, that Jesus "appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself" (Heb.9:26), " For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him " (2Cor.5:21). «He make His life an offering for sin» (Isa.53:10). However the sacrifice of the Passover lamb doesn’t coincide in any way with ritual of a sin sacrifice, first of all because a lamb never was sacrificed for a sin. Besides that a sin offering was always boiled, Passover lamb was baked.

The Bible also speaks that "Christ … hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour" (Eph.5:2). The sweet savor is a burnt offering (Lev.1:13; 3:5; 8:21; 23:18). Bible tells that Christ made atonement for us: “Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement” (Rom.5:11;Heb.2:17). Atonement was done with a ram for burnt offering (Lev.16:3). Thus not only a lamb, but a ram also was the symbol of Jesus’ sacrifice.

However burnt sacrifices were burnt completely, only their skin was left for priest, Passover lamb had to be eaten. Therefore Passover is not a sacrifice for a sin, nor a burnt offering.

What else do apostles speak about Jesus' sacrifice?
having made peace through the blood of his cross" (Col.1:20); "we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ" (Rom.5:1, also 2Cор.5:18,19; Rom.5:10; Col.1:22; Eph.2:12-16). Whether it is spoken about a peace offering for thanksgiving here (Lev.7:15; 22:29)?

A peace offering could be a lamb or ram. A peace offering 
also as a burnt offering and as Passover had to be without blemish (Lev.22:18-21). Passover same as a peace offering "shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning" (Lev.7:15; 22:30). The same as meat of Passover, a meat of a peace offering an unclean person could not eat (Lev.7:20). 

However a peace offering could be offered with leavened bread (Lev.7:13), Passover should be eaten only with unleavened bread (Ex.12:15). Besides that, each family ate whole Passover lamb, and from a peace offering breast and right shoulder belonged to priests (Lev.7:34). 

Let's see other kinds of sacrifices. For trespass offering a lamb (Lev.14:12) or ram (Lev.5:15; 14:21) could be offered. However its meat belonged not to the ones who offered the sacrifice, but to the priests (Lev.7:7), Passover lamb 
belonged to those who brought it.

Thus, Passover was a something different: it was neither a sacrifice for a sin, nor a burnt offering, neither a peace offering, nor a trespass offering.

The only sacrifice, which meat was completely eaten by 
those who offered it, was a sacrifice for
consecration into priests. At this time all meat of a ram, including breast and shoulder, belonged to the priests who made the sacrifice of consecration (Ex.29:31). Just as Passover and a peace offering, the meat of ram of consecration should not remain till the morning (Ex.29:34, Lev.8:32; Ex.12:10). As Passover no stranger could eat (Ex.12:43), so and the ram of consecration no stranger could eat (Ex.29:33). The meat of a sacrifice for the consecration same as Passover had to be eaten with unleavened bread (Ex.29:2,3, Lev.8:31).

Besides Passover the consecration into priests is unique ritual which required a certain 7-day's abstention. Thus from the moment of eating Passover 7 days of unleavened bread had began. From the moment of eating a ram of consecration 7 days of sanctification began (Lev.8:33). The same as after the sacrifice of Passover lamb Israelites were in the desert for40 years until God had decide, who was deserved to enter the promised land, i.e. they were in the desert until they were cleansed and sanctified, so and priests after their consecration could not leave the tabernacle before the termination of the 7 days of cleansing.

The same as Jews in the desert ate unleavened bread (manna - Num.11:8), so and priests in the days of the consecration ate only unleavened bread (Lev.10:12).

Within 7 days of Unleavened bread sacrifices for sin and 
burnt offerings had to be made  (Num.28:17-25), within 7 
days of consecration into priests sacrifices for sin and burnt offerings had to be made also (Ex.29:35-37).

As the priests could not leave the tabernacle (which is 
symbol of Kingdom of heaven) during the 7 days until they were sanctified, and only then they could start their priestly work,  so and saints who will be taken into the Kingdom of Heaven (as the firstfruits and priests) until their sanctification will be complete, for 1000 years (the Feast of Unleavened bread. The saints will be eaten heavenly bread) they will not leave Kingdom of heaven.  And only then saints will be able 
to start their priestly work on the new earth.

However despite of all similarities with the ritual of dedication into the priests, Pasover was the unique feast. In the ritual of dedication a ram was sacrificed, and  meat of the sacrifice was boiled , for Passover a lamb was prepared and its meat was baked on fire. So, Passover united into itself all sacrifices all together: it was a little a burnt sacrifice, a little a sin sacrifice,  a little a peace offering and a little a trespass offering. A lamb symbolized salvation through faith in Jesus for "babies in the Christ" (1Cor.3:1), a ram, as adult lamb, symbolized the highest goal of salvation for "perfect in faith" (1Cor.2:6; Heb.5:13-14) - The Kingdom of Heaven.

As due to the blood of Passover lamb the Jewish people were released from Egyptian slavery, so and every Christ believer is released from the slavery of sin for the eternal life. However the salvation in ritual of Passover is secondary. The most important - Passover was the consecration of people into the priesthood for Kingdom of Heaven. As Jewish first-borns were saved from the death due to blood of the lamb and as one tribe of Levi became priests in the tabernacle, so and Jesus through His blood gave every His believer the possibility to become a priest in Kingdom of Heaven. Everyone who eats Jesus' flesh and drinks His blood (John 6:56), i.e. who lives by Him, can become a child of God (John 1:12,13) and successor of Kingdom of Heaven (Rom.8:17), i.e. the priest.

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