All holy days and religious
rituals which God commanded Jewish people to observe, had symbolical value and
reflected the basic events on the earth and in heaven which should come to pass
in the future.
consecration in priesthood. Before Jesus' mission on the earth His consecration
in priesthood above people took place. It happened, as it was showed above, when
Abraham brought a ram for the burning sacrifice. Besides the consecration
in the priests a ram for burnt offering (Lev.8:18, Ex. 29:18) was brought by a
priest in the Day of atonement (Lev.16:3, Num.29:8); in the Day of Trumpets
(Num.29:2), at the Feast of Weeks (two rams -Lev.23:18), at the Feast of
unleavened bread (Num.28:19), at the Feast of Tabernacles (Num.29:12-38) and in
new moon (Num.28:11). As we shall see later, a ram for burnt sacrifice
symbolized a certain stage of Jesus’ priest activity.
services (Num.28:3-8) with
sacrificing of a lamb together with bread, oil and wine symbolized the hope of
people for salvation through the blood of sacrificial lamb-Jesus Who is God’s
anointed One (oil), "Living Bread
that came down from heaven"
(John 6 : 51). Symbols of His sacrifice became bread
and wine (Luke 22:19,20).
Thus, a lamb, bread with oil and wine - all symbolized Jesus.
the meaning of this feast in details –
didn’t allow Jewish people
to leave Egypt,
God warned, that for his disobedience every firstborn in Egypt will
die. To His people He commanded to mark
their doors by blood of a lamb. To those who obeyed the Divine command, the
angel of death has not entered, and their first-borns remained alive. Thus the
first Passover ("Hebrew:
פסח; transliterated as Pesach or Pesah, means a
"leaping" or "skipping" over the houses of the Jews)
took place. By the blood of the Passover lamb those who obeyed God were
saved from death.
Passover lamb was just a hint for the biggest sacrifice: the sacrifice of
our Passover is sacrificed for us» (1Cor.5:7).
When Jesus was
Great Passover took place. Now
everyone who believes in Jesus, thanks to His blood sacrifice can be saved from
Passover was killed at the evening of 14 of the first month by
(Deu.16:6). As the Jews counted days from sunset to sunset (ex.: Gen.1:5,8,13),
the next day had began at the night. Thus, at night of 15-th Passover was eaten
with unleavened bread (Ex. 12:8,42; Deu.16:3). So the 7 days of the Feast of
unleavened bread began (Ex. 12:18). At the same night, which had to be observed
by all the children of Israel in their generations (Ex. 12:42), the first sheaf
of the Firstfruits (Lev.23:11) was waved before God. It was the Feast of
Firstfruits. That night all men should appear before God (Ex. 34:22), and after
that night they could come back home in their settlements (Deu.16:7). Up to the
feast of Firstfruits it was prohibited to eat any grain (Lev.23:14), therefore
the Feast of Unleavened bread began right after the Feast of Firstfruits, when
it was permitted to eat unleavened bread with Passover.
of firstfruits or
Feast of the first sheaf
of new grain). As
it has already been considered above, prophecies speak about two harvestings:
the harvesting of the saints and the harvesting of the wicked. The harvesting of
firstfruits - the first harvesting, it is the harvesting of saints. As right
after killing of Passover by its blood all Jewish firstborns were saved, and in
one tribe – the tribe of Levi, they became priests (saints) of God, same right
after Jesus' death (Passover) the first saints were resurrected (Mat.27:52).
Passover and the Feast of firstfruits there was the Feast
of unleavened bread (Jews
often named all the days of celebrating of Passover, Feast of firstfruits and
Feast of unleavened bread by the
one word “Passover”- Luke.22:1; Ezek.45:21).
The holiday lasted for 7 days,
and 7 is the number of a completeness, eternity.
Cor. 5:8, "Therefore
let us keep the feast, not with old
leaven, neither with the leaven of malice
and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth".
Thus, unleavened bread symbolized
an eternal redemption
from the slavery of sin, presented to people by Jesus'
sacrifice. As after killing the Passover the Jews came into the desert,
where during 40 years they ate unleavened bread from heaven, so after Jesus’
crucifixion the bread from heavens, i.e. Jesus (John 6: 51), appeared to people
during 40 days.
The Lamb will come to the earth for the Second time the Feast of Firstfruits
will happen again: the saints (wheat - Mat.3:12) will be taken into the Kingdom
of Heaven. Then – the Feast of Unleavened bread: 40 days the Judgment above
the living will have place.
Jesus' ascension to heaven the Day
of Atonement (about this day - later) of
mankind begun – the purification of the righteous for Kingdom of
heaven. Then there was the heavenly war, the judgment above Satan, and he with
his angels was dumped on the earth.
Day of Atonement
of the heavenly sanctuary – the purification of the angels for the
Kingdom of Heaven -
took place in 1850 (see the Prophecy about 2300 days).
Day of the trumpets (Lev.23:24-25;Num.29:1-5) will
take place, when the trumpets of "Revelation" will begin to sound ,
i.e. before Jesus' Second coming. As we shall see later, Jesus will come before
a Jubilee year, therefore 7 trumpets of "Revelation" are seven Jubilee
trumpets (Josh.6:3 Lev.25:9,10). When Jews came out from the desert after 40
years of wanderings there, they were baptized in Jordan river and came to the
holy land (Josh.5:15). With 7 Jubilee trumpets they marched around it once a day
during six days, and on the seventh day priests by blowing in 7 trumpets,
marched around it 7 times. After that Jews inherited the land. The same the
righteous after 7 seals and 7 Jubilee trumpets, i.e. after the Second coming,
will inherit the holy land for themselves.
Day of Atonement of the Earth will take
place in Jesus’ Second coming, when all unrighteous will be eliminated, all
will be purified of sins, and the saints will receive white robes
the Kingdom of Heaven.
The Feast of Weeks was celebrated in 7 full
weeks (49 days)
after The Feast of Firstfruits. It symbolized the event which
will occur in 49 days after the saints will be taken to heaven at the Second
coming of Jesus. We know, that Jesus will come in 1290 days after the occupation
of Jerusalem, however Daniel told, that blessed the one who will live till 1335
days (Dan.12:11,12). The difference between 1290 and 1335 is 45 days. For 40
days the judgment of alive will continue, in 5 days all the wicked on the planet
will be destroyed. For 3 days the earth will be absolutely restored. A day will
be necessary for the righteous to realize, that all tests are behind, and God
gave this beautiful earth to them in possession. After that, on the fifth day
(see below), the holiday will be
After the 1000 years the Day
of Atonement of the earth and heaven will take place. The new earth and
new heaven will be created.
The Feast of Tabernacles
or Feast of Ingathering in the end of year will take place
in 1000 years after the Second coming,
when the righteous and saints will
be gathered all together on
the new earth.
God said: “Live in booths for seven days…
so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in
when I brought them out of Egypt”
The promised land, as we saw it earlier, was a symbol of the
the Feast of Tabernacles was
celebrated in the same month after the Feast of Trumpets (trumpets of
"Revelation"), after the Day of Atonement (The Second Coming
and cleansing the earth off all unrighteous) it also symbolized the
restored earth after the Second coming. It symbolized that on the
5-th day (the Feast of Tabernacles was celebrated on the 5-th day
after the Day of Atonement) after the cleansing the earth off all
unrighteous the saved people will celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles
and The Feast of Weeks at
the same time.
Thus, the three most significant feasts symbolized the
plan of salvation of the people: Feast of firstfruits - when saints will be taken to heaven, Feast
of Weeks - when the righteous
will inherit the earth, and Feast
of Tabernacles - when saints
and the righteous will live on the new
in these three feasts
all sons of Israel had to appear
in Jerusalem temple. Only these three feasts
were celebrated with joy, songs
and dancing. Because only these three feasts
meant the God’s promise to people to return them their immortality
which they lost in the garden of Eden.
the sacrifices in the given Feasts meant, we will see below.
31. Sacrifices. When and why had they come to
is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should
take away sins»
(Heb.10:4,11) « None of them can by any means
redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him: For the redemption of
their soul is precious» (Ps.49:7,8); «The sacrifices of God
are a broken spirit» (Ps.51:17);
«I will glorify
him (God) with thanksgiving. This will please
the LORD more than an ox»
(Ps.69:30,31). «To obey is better than
and to heed is better than the fat of rams» (1Sam.15:22).
means, that for God sacrifices were only material symbols
of some spiritual
realities: hope, faith, fear, respect, love and etc...
speaking about sacrifices, people think about a sacrifice for sin. However up to
the mountain of Sinai sin sacrifices were not executed. Though people did
offerings from the fall of Adam and Eve, there were no sin sacrifices: "for
before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into
when there is no law"
(Rom.5:13). Those were sacrifices for gaining a God’s favor, a request for
help, for God’s grace
(burnt sacrifice- Lev.1:3) and sacrifice of thanksgiving
(peace offering- Lev.7:15;
we know, the first offerings were made by Adam and Eve. They used skins of those
first victims as clothes when they left Eden (Gen.3:21). According to the laws
of religious rite, skins of
a sin sacrifices were burnt (Eх.29:14;
Lev.4:10,12, 21; Lev.16:27). Skins of burnt sacrifices belonged to a
priest (Lev.7:8). Skins of peace offerings belonged to those who made the sacrifice in order to gain a God’s
was compared with Jesus (1Cor.15:45) and was, like a priest, a mediator between
God and a human, i.e. his wife. Thus, Adam and Eve by their "own
hands" (Lev.7:30) made the
burnt sacrifices with the plead for a favor (Adam as a priest got skins from
burnt offerings) and peace offerings of thanksgiving (skins belonged to those
who made the offering – to Eve).
Abel remembered, what sacrifices God commanded to his parents to make, and he
decided to bring the same offering,
offering to please the Lord, therefore he brought from his sheep flock a peace offering of thanksgiving or
(and) burnt sacrifice (Gen.4:2,4.). Noah brought burnt offerings upon
termination of the Flood, as the request for help, for grace, for
(Gen.8:20-22); Abraham brought lambs for burnt
offerings (Gen.22:7). Up to the
establishment of Leviticus priesthood and laws of the sacred service Jews made
burnt and peace offerings (Ex.24:5; 32:6).
Leviticus laws only burnt and peace offerings were made
with bread, oil, wine
and incense. Sin offerings and
guilt (or trespass) offerings
were made without it (Lev.5:11). A bread
could be offered for a sin offering,
but it should be without oil
and incense. Bread with oil, wine and incense as it
was shown above, symbolized Jesus.
not sin offerings, but peace and burnt offerings
pointed to Jesus.
Christ came into the world, he said: "Sacrifice and offering you did not
desire, but a body you prepared for me;
with burnt offerings and sin offerings
you were not pleased.
Then I said, 'Here I am…I have come to do your will, O
God» (Heb.10:5-7). John the
Baptist called Jesus «the Lamb of God, who takes
away the sin of the world!» (John 1:29).
by studying closely the rules of sacrificial system,
you will see below, that a lamb (ram) never was
a sin, but only as burnt offering for a God’s favor,
of thanksgiving, of the peace offerings,
as sacrifice of
priests and as guilt offerings.
better understanding of symbolical meaning of sacrifices
and religious rituals,
it is necessary for us to understand the purpose of each subject in the Holy
place of God – the Tabernacle.