8. Now – the Daniel's prophecy about 70 weeks (9:24-27).
weeks are determined upon thy
holy city, to
finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make
reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness,
and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy”.
Let see at first, to whom the prophecy is addressed? “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city”. So, this prophecy is about the Jewish nation (“thy people”) and Jerusalem (“thy holy city”).
After the Babylonian slavery Jews didn’t have the Ark of the covenant in the Holy Holiest, where in the ancient times God spoke to them. God didn’t speak with Jews anymore. Through the prophecy of 70 weeks He had appointed the time when He will speak with them again: “from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to built Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks (7 weeks) , and threescore and two weeks (62 weeks)”.
said that He will communicate with them in 7 weeks after the commandment will be
given, in 62 weeks after that and when 70 weeks will be finished.
discussed above, the commandment to restore Jerusalem was given by Nehemiah in
446BC. Nehemiah had described the wickedness of the people: people had
constantly broken Sabbath law, didn’t pay tithe, mixed with strangers, even
priests and Levites. Prophet Malachi who was in Nehemiah’s time (as was
discussed above) said that God turned His face away from Jews: “Who
is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye
kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you»
The 7 weeks is 49 days, or 49
years (Ezek.4:6; Num.14:34). Because prophecies are given according to the
prophetical time (see p.2), which is 360 days per year, we always need to change
the dates in prophecies from the prophetic time (360 days)
to the solar time (365 days), which we use. 49x360÷365=48 years. From
446BC + 48 years = 398BC. In this year the last spiritual revival of the Jews
took place. God spoke with His people through Ezra, and they again turned to God
with a promise to keep His laws.
we see the first 7 weeks were all about Jerusalem, the Jews and their
relationships with God.
also that there is no connection between the two dates: 446BC and 398BC.
God was not with Jews anymore. Even the temple was restored between of these
dates, and before the beginning of the work God spoke to Zechariah and Haggai,
He was not with the nation anymore. It is like the restoration of the Jewish
kingdom as the state of Israel: God was not with them anymore but He kept His
promise given through Isaiah (66:8) and Daniel (4:7-13)
to restore the country. The same was with the two last prophets. God told
them to rebuild the temple, because it was prophesized that Jesus will enter the
temple (Mal.3:1; Hag.2:7,9). He reminded them to keep His commandments and told
about the coming of Jesus and about the Judgment Day. And He said that He left
the flock of the slaughter.... For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the
land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his
neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land,
and out of their hand I will not deliver them» (Zach.11:4,6).
About the time after 398BC prophet Micah 5:3 said: “Therefore will He give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel”.
From Revelation 12 we know that “she which
travaileth” is Holy Church and the child is Jesus. When He will come
“the remnant of his brethren” – rest of
Christians from non-Jews will become “the children of
Israel”. Thus through the prophet God told us that He left His people
until “she which travaileth hath brought forth”,
or Jesus will become the Messiah.
So 69 weeks were given “unto the Messiah the Prince” or to the time, when Jesus will become the Messiah - Christ.
Even Jesus came to save all humankind, He was sent to the Jews
(Mat.15:24) and He became a part of the history of Jewish nation. He revealed
Himself as the Messiah at first only in Jerusalem. His first miracles were
made, because He was asked to do them, not because He wanted people to know that
He is Christ. When Mary asked Him about a miracle, to transform water in vine,
He did it, but before that He told Мary:
"mine hour is not yet come" (John 2:4)
. After that He went down to Capernaum (John
2:12), where He had expelled a demon out of a possessed person in a synagogue,
because the demon prevented Jesus from preaching in there (Luke 4:31-35). Then
He cured Peter's mother-in-law. When people found out, what Jesus did in the
synagogue, they asked Jesus to cure them. He cured them, and ordered to
demons, who left those who were possessed, do not speak, that he is Christ (Luke
4:41). Only in Jerusalem He Himself openly declared, that He is the Son
of God. He had expelled from a
temple all traders and told: "make not my
Father's house an house of merchandise" (John 2:16).
did many miracles in Jerusalem, so "many believed in
his name" (John 2:23;3:1,2).
When a woman from gentiles asked about help Jesus said: “Let
the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread,
and to cast it unto the dogs” (Mark 7:27), thus He said that His
blessings are intended to the Jews first. Even
after His resurrection Jesus made it clear that Jerusalem is important for Him
(Luke 24:47). So, 69
weeks are still about Jerusalem, Jews and their relationships with God.
Now let see, what events will signify the end of the 70 weeks. “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins…and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy”.
final point of the prophecy talks
about the Second Coming of Christ, when all
prophesies will come true: «to seal up the vision and
prophecy» (“For these be the days of vengeance, that
all things which are written may be fulfilled”
(Luke 21:22 - about the Second coming),
wicked people will be judged: «to finish the
transgression, and to make an end of sins» (there will be no sins only
after Jesus’ coming), Jesus will be anoint on the government over the earth :
“to anoint the most Holy ”,
as Rev. 11:15,17 tells (“The kingdoms
of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ…
thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast
reigned”) , and "
everlasting righteousness " will begin in the Kingdom of heaven.
angel said that the prophecy is about “what will
happen to your people
in the latter days, for the vision refers to
many days yet to come” (Dan.10:14). “The
latter days” in prophecies are always referred to the time just before
Jesus’ coming. The prophecy was given by angel Gabriel with the interval of time but it
is the same prophecy (9:27, 11:31) and it continues until the end of 12 chapter,
where it is said about the Second coming (12:1-2).
the 70 weeks prophecy is about Jewish nation, Jerusalem and Jesus’ second
Most confusion part of the prophecy is the next: after 69 weeks, in the middle of the last week…” shall Messiah (the Prince-v.25) be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary…And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abomination he shall make it desolate, until the full determined end is poured out on the desolator” (9:26,27 - Parallel Bible, Amplified Version).
contradiction: there is no Bible support that Jesus had confirmed the covenant
for one week. However Bible says about the covenant, which will be made by
somebody else: “the
day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. For when they shall say,
Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them” (I
Thes. 5:2-3). Thus, Bible says that just before the Second coming there
will be a situation when most people will feel safely, there will
be no wars. In order for them to be sure in peace and safety they will have to
have a some agreement, a peace treaty. About the same peaceful situation just
before the Second coming many prophets had prophesied: Amos 9:10; Isa.28:15;
Jer.5:12; Jer.4:9-10; Jer.6:14; Jer.8:11,15.
by talking about the same peaceful situation before the Second coming is saying
about the covenant the Jew will make: “Because ye
have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement;
when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us”
Bible says that the covenant (or agreement) will be broken just before the Second coming: “the ambassadors of peace shall weep bitterly (i.e. the peace treaty, or covenant, will be broken). The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man” (Isa.33:7,8).
There is no doubt, that prophets are talking
about the covenant for 7 years (one week) not between people and Jesus, but
between the antichrist and Jews.
Adventists teach "the
abomination that maketh desolate" on
the holy place already took place and it was caused by Jesus' death. However
Jesus said: “But when ye shall see the abomination
of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought
not, ... then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains"
(Mark13:14). If Jesus by His death would make the desolation, Daniel was talking
about, Apostles would take the Jesus’ advise and hide in the mountains, what,
of course, they never did, because Daniel was talking about another desolation,
which is not related to Jesus’ death at all.
About the desolation predicted by Daniel, Matthew (24:15,16) and Luke (21:20,21) said almost the same : “And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains”. Compare with: “And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate” (Dan.11:31). So Bible clear says the desolation prophesied by Daniel wouldn’t be caused by Jesus’ sacrifice but by the destruction of Jerusalem. Which destruction? 70AD? No, we already discussed that 70AD can not be included in 70 weeks period. Then which one?
talking about the end of days said that after “the
abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the
holy place” (24:14,15) “shall be great
tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no,
nor ever shall be” (Mat.24:21, Mark 13:19).
This is the same
tribulation Daniel is talking about : “And at that
time shall Michael stand up, … and there shall be a time of trouble, such as
never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy
people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.
And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake”(Dan
The days of that tribulation will be short (Mat.24:22) and “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven” (Mat.24:29,30, Mark 13:25,26, Luke 21:26,27).
So, disciples and Daniel clear told that the desolation will be right before the Second coming and resurrection of the dead.
This tribulation the book of
Revelation is talking about. It will begin when the antichrist (beast from the
earth) will kill those who will refuse to accept the mark of the beast.
The tribulation will be short
(Mat.24:22), only during the half of the week or 3,5 years, or 42 months of the
power of the beast (Rev.13:5), or 1260 days of the persecution of the church
Luke said: “when ye shall see Jerusalem
compassed with armies… Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles,
until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled” (Luke 21:20,24). Revelation
clarifies that Jerusalem will be under enslavement of the Gentiles during for 42
the court which is without the temple leave out, ... for it is given unto the
Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two
months” (Rev.11:2). (Holy
city is not New Jerusalem, it
is Jerusalem– Mat.4:5, 27:53).
prophesized last half of the week will be again only about Jerusalem and the
relationship between God and the Jewish nation. This little time period of the
government of the antichrist will be the time when God will hear the Jews again.
God will send His two prophets (Rev.11) to the Jews:
“Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet
before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord” (Mal.4:5).
The prophets will preach during the last half of the week, or 3,5 last years,
before the Second coming, as John Baptist preached before the first coming of
Jesus. Jews will return to God and will ask Him for forgiveness: «I
will go and return to My place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek My
face» (Hosea 5:15). That was prophesized by all prophets of the Old
Thus, the antichrist (the
beast) will make the covenant, or peace treaty with Jewish nation for 7 years
(one week), in the middle of this period (middle of the week, in 3,5 years) he
will break it, and will occupy Jerusalem.
Jerusalem will be under his government last 3,5 years just before the Second
coming. At that time God will speak with Jews again through His two
prophets, who will prophesy 1260 days (Rev.11:3).
So, the prophecy about the 70 weeks looks as follows:
we saw before there was no any connection between the dates 446BC and 398BC, and
398BC and 31AD, so it will be no connection between the dates 35AD and the
beginning of the last 3,5 years before Jesus’ coming either.
exept the man’s theory that the last half of the week can not be separated
from the rest of the weeks, there is no Historical, nor Biblical support that
the 70 weeks were finished in 34AD. Daniel said that 69 weeks started from the
time the commandment was given, the starting point of the last week was not
prophecies of Old Testament can be divided in three parts:
The schematic prophecy from the time of Babylon to the Second coming was given only to Daniel.
Some people ask , if Jesus
was baptized in 31AD, and Luke
3:23 said “Jesus
himself began to be about thirty
years of age”,
so when was He born and How old
He actually was when He began to preach?
they still were in Bethlehem the wise men from the East saw the star, which
appeared at Jesus’ birth and came to Jerusalem to visit the baby (Mat.2:2).
Perhaps they were wise men from Babylon, where a couple hundred years ago Daniel
was appointed as “chief administrator over all the
wise men in Babylon”(Dan.2:48). In Babylon the book of Daniel certainly
was preserved there, and Daniel’s book told about the Messiah (9:24-27). The
wise men asked king Herod where the King of Jews was born. Herod called the
priests and they told that Messiah had to be born in Bethlehem. The wise men
went to Bethlehem where they saw Mary with the child. After the visit they
received the revelation in their dreams that they have to go home without going
back to Herod.
fact that Herod ordered to kill babies from 2 years of age lead many to the
conclusion that at that time Jesus was about 2 years old. However there are
three contradictions in this teaching.
we see the two years period doesn’t go with the facts. There the only two
possible answers can be.
Therefore the Herod's decree to kill all male babies from two years and under doesn't mean that Jesus at that time was about 2 years old.
Then Luke (2:22) said: “And when the days of her
purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him
to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord” and after that (2:39) “And
when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they
returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth”. That means that
when “the days of her purification .. were
accomplished” which is 41 days after the birth, they went to Jerusalem
temple and then they returned to Nazareth (north). Therefore the visitation of
the temple couldn’t happened before the wise men came to Bethlehem (south),
because after the visit of the wise men the holy family went to Egypt (south).
Thus, according to history Herod
died in 4BC, and therefore according to the Bible Jesus was born in the same
time, in 4BC. In the time of His baptism He was 33 years old.
Luke 3:23 said: “Jesus Himself, when He began
(His ministry), was about
thirty years of age”. In word by word translation it is translated “as
if thirty years”, that means that Luke
thought that Jesus was around 28-32 years old. Nobody knew how old Jesus was. As
the person Who NEVER sinned even in His mind,
Jesus was looking much younger of His age
Hence Luke just suggested Jesus’ age and he thought that Jesus was on a couple
of years younger.