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Ellen White - prophet?   

Time in prophecies 

Parallelism in prophecies

Earth after Second coming 

1260 days of the little horn  

Has GOD Left Israel Forever?  

Prophecy about the tree 

70-weeks prophecy.
Starting point

The prophecy itself 

Prophecy about 2300 days 

Opening of the Seals 

The image, beasts of Daniel and "Revelation" 

Beasts of "Revelation"

Whore of Babylon

Trumpets of “Revelation”  

The 7-th trumpet


Two prophets 

After the last battle

New or Restored Jerusalem?

Second Resurrection

New Jerusalem on the old planet?

After the 6-th bowl of wrath

The Judgment  

Some Adventists mistakes 

Time frame of the last days


Is it important to know?

Who was Jesus before He came first time?  

How conflict in heaven had began? 

Holy Feasts 

Why Sacrifices?  

The Tabernacle 

Meaning of Sacrifices

Day of Atonement



Seal of God and Mark of the Beast

The Book of Life

Time in Egypt

Time from Exodus to Solomon   
Application of Jephthan 

When did Exodus take place?

When will Jesus return?

What happens when we die?

God's Plan

To Adventists: Food for Thoughts 

Aliens  vs. demons 



32. The PLAN of the Tabernacle and symbolical meaning of each of its objects and departments.

The earthly tabernacle was constructed according to the pattern of the heavenly tabernacle (Act.7:44; Heb.8:5; Ps.78:69), which was set up by the Lord Himself (Heb.8:1,2.) "the patterns of things in the heavens (i.e. an earthly sanctuary) should be purified with these (with blood) ; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these" (Heb.9:23).

A tabernacle - means: " a tent, a temporal place of residing " 
(see Eх.33:7). By reading the Bible it is necessary to remember, that sometimes the all curtained complex called the Tabernacle, sometimes a structure in the middle of it, where The Holy place and Most Holy place were, called the Tabernacle; sometimes this structure was called  Sanctuary, sometimes only the Most Holy place called the Sanctuary. In the given work the all complex is called the Tabernacle; the building where The Holy and Most Holy places were – the Sanctuary.

The Tabernacle of God was a symbol of His spiritual presence among His people (Ex.29:45). Everyone who was seeking God could come to the Tabernacle which was set outside the camp (Ex.33:7).

In the court of the tabernacle there were the brass altar of burnt offering and the brass laver. Fire always was burning upon the altar (Lev.6:12,13), and there always burnt sacrifices and other kinds of sacrifices were made. A lamb sacrificed daily as burnt offering  (Num.28:3-5) symbolized the hope for Jesus' promise to cleanse people from their sins by His blood (Eph.5:2).

The laver of brass was a symbol of purification. Before sacrifices and before the entering into the sanctuary priests have to wash themselves with water in the laver.

The sanctuary was separated from the court of tabernacle by a veil and  had two departments: The Holy place and Most Holy place, separated from each other by veil also. In The Holy place there were a gold lampstand, a table of showbread and the altar of incense, overlaid with pure gold. In The Most Holy place there was the Ark of the Covenant, in which there were tables with 10 commandments. Above the lid of the Ark God spoke with Moses and a high priest (Ex.25:22; Num.7:89).

If blood of a sin sacrifice was brought on the Altar of incense or on the lid of the Ark of the Covenant (in the Day of Atonement), meat of those victims was burnt outside of the camp. If blood and fat of peace offering, sin offering and trespass offering  was burnt on the altar of burnt offerings, meat of those victims was eaten by priests. 

As an offering for a some certain sin priests (Lev.4:3,13), Levites (Num.8:12) and the society (Num.15:24) brought bullocks, separate people of the society - goats (Lev.4:22); and in the case of the  lack of money - pigeons (Lev.12: 6,8). A bread could also be used a sin offering, but it had to be without oil (Lev.5:11. Bread without oil was just a cheap alternate for a sin offering. Bread with oil symbolized Jesus, that is why it wasn’t used for a sin offering. As we will see below, Jesus’ sacrifice was not a sin sacrifice).

 In The Day of Atonement (Lev.16:5), in the feast of tabernacles (Num.29:12-38; Lev.23:34), in the feast of the Weeks (Lev.23:16-19), in the Feast of unleavened bread (Num.28:17-22), in the
day of blowing the trumpets (Num.29:1-5), in the new moon (Num.28:11-15), and in day of the first service after dedication into priests (Lev.9:15), i.е in all holy feasts, for a sin offering people brought a he goat.

When a sin was made against commandments of God unintentionally by mistake or by  an ignorance, a goat (Num.15:27) or a ram was sacrificed as a trespass offering (Lev.5:15-19), not for a sin offering. Also a cleared after a leprosy sacrificed for the trespass offering a ram (Lev.14). Thus, a ram was sacrificed as a trespass offering by separate people for a some certain sin which they had made unintentionally, by an ignorance, or by somebody’s else mistake (leprosy).  A person who committed a sin intentionally with clear realization of it, never sacrificed for his sin a ram or lamb.

1) a lamb symbolized Jesus and never was sacrificed for a sin;
2) for a sin sacrifice, besides pigeons or bread without oil, a bullock or goat were sacrificed; 
a bullock symbolized those who was consecrated by God, hence those who was under His protection against  Satan, those whose sins were a result of their own imperfect nature;
a goat as we shall see later, symbolized Satan (for example: Jesus named those who will share Satan’s fate as goats - Mat.25:32-46), and  was sacrificed for the sins caused by him.


Now it will be easier for us to understand,  what was happening in the sanctuary.

Israel Society (Deu.7:6; 26:19; 14:2) and priests with Levites (Lev.21:7; 2Chr.23:6) were consecrated by God, however each separate person of  the Israel society was not consecrated: "for there is no one who does not sin " (1 King.8:46). A separate person could be possessed by Satan, however he didn’t have a power over all the society and priests. If a priest would fall under Satan’s influence, he wouldn’t be able even enter the sanctuary and remain alive. Therefore a separate person sacrificed for his sin a goat (a symbol of Satan), priests and all society for some separate sin sacrificed a bullock.

When all society or priests made a some certain sin by the reason of their own imperfect nature, blood of a bullock for their sin was put on the horns of the altar of incense  which was the symbol of Jesus. Meat of those victims wasn’t eaten by priests, but was burnt outside of the camp. It means, that priests were not taken the responsibility for those sins. The responsibility for them was taken by Jesus Himself as our creator.

When a some man of the society for his sin brought a he-goat for sacrifice and all the society during all feasts also brought for sacrifice a he-goat for all its sins, the goat’s blood was sprinkled on the altar of burnt offerings, which was a symbol of repentance. With blood of the he-goat the altar was sprinkled and thus the sinner was purified from his sin. The ritual symbolized that through the repentance people will be purified of their sins caused by Satan, by blood of Satan himself.

A sacrifice for a sin was boiled and priests had to eat it. That was their responsibility to educate people spiritually, to interpret consequences of committed sins, to teach the Law (Lev.10:10,11,17; Num.18:23; Ezek.44:23,24). By eating meat of the sin sacrifices, priests were taking on themselves the responsibility for sins of the society caused by Satan. In the Day of Atonement  the priests were purified from all these sins and sins were placed also on Jesus (the altar of burnt offerings).

As it was shown, when after His resurrection Jesus ascended into the Most Holy of the heavenly sanctuary the Day of Atonement had place. Thus, by His death Jesus purified Himself from all sins, which people committed by the reason of their own imperfect nature and because of Satan’s intervention in their lives. From all repented sins, which were accumulated on Jesus for centuries. When He purified Himself with His own blood He could enter to the Father.  

Thus, the rituals which were done till the Day of Atonement pointed on Jesus' work beginning from His dedication into priest (a ram of Abraham) till His death and ascension to heaven.

As a priest , by eating the meat of goat for a sin sacrifice, was taken on himself repented sins of people till the Day of Atonement, when he was purified off sins and sins were placed on Jesus (the altar of incense) . So and Jesus also took on Himself all repented  sins till the Day of Atonement, i.e. till His resurrection and ascension to heaven. And by His Own blood He purified Himself (the altar of incense) and the Father (the Most Holy place) from all intrigues of Satan, and had placed all sins on Satan (a scapegoat).

33. The Meaning of Sacrifices on Holy Feasts.

 By knowing regulations of the sacrificial system , we probably will more clearly understand what sacrifices on holy feasts really mean. 

We know, that on Holy feasts a he-goat was sacrificed for sins of all people caused by Satan. During the feasts the blood of the goat was sprinkled on the altar of burnt offerings, and meat of the goat was eaten by priests. Only once a year, in the Day of Atonement blood of the goat for sins of all people was taken into the sanctuary and its meat was burnt outside of the camp. 

A bull was sacrificed for sins caused by an imperfect human nature of priests and Israeli  society. Its blood was taken into the sanctuary any time for a some certain sin of a consecrated, and its meat was burnt outside of the camp. On the Day of Atonement a bull was sacrificed for all sins of the priests and its meat was burnt outside of the camp. Thus, a bull offered as a sin sacrifice never was eaten by priests.

*Sometimes the Bible (Numbers) tells, that during the holy feasts a bull was offered as a burnt sacrifice. However we have all reasons to assume that during holy feasts a bull wasn’t a burnt sacrifice, but was only a sin sacrifice. 

As a burnt sacrifice and a bull for sin sacrifice were both burnt, these two sacrifices were very similar, and only the difference was : that skin of a burnt sacrifice belonged to priests, and skin of a bull for a sin sacrifice was burnt.

However an offering a bull for sin was very different from an offering other animals for a sin. When meat of other animals of sin sacrifices were eaten by priests, the bull for sin was burnt outside of the camp. That is why in Num.29:7-8 it’s said that in the Day of Atonement (comp. with Lev. 16:29-30) a bull was offered for a burnt sacrifice. But in Lev.16, where the ritual of the Day of Atonement is examined in details, it’s said that a bull was sacrificed for sins and its skin was burnt (Lev. 16:27).

Thus, we see that a sin sacrifice of a bull (in Lev.) and a burnt sacrifice of bull (in Num.) were the same sacrifice – the sin sacrifice.

A ram was offered as burnt sacrifice to thanks God, as the consecration into the priests and also for sins made by a mistake*  *A trespass offering was sometimes a ram (Lev.5:15,16,18;6:6; 19:21,22), sometimes a lamb (Lev.14:10,13,24,25: Num.6:12).

During the feasts he-lambs were brought for burnt sacrifices only. Passover lamb symbolized Jesus – our salvation, therefore a lamb symbolizes salvation. Two lambs sacrificed daily symbolized two ways of salvation: through deeds of the Law and through Jesus. As we know, any way of salvation wouldn’t be possible if not Jesus.

As it was shown in above, The Feast of Unleavened bread symbolized the eternal salvation given to us through Jesus’ blood. The Feast lasted for 7 days and every day 2 bulls, 1 ram, 
7 lambs, 1 goat
were sacrificed (Num.28:17-25). 

2 bulls. Bulls were sacrificed for sins of consecrated: 1 bull for sins of the righteous (the society) and 1 bull for sins of saints (priests);
1 ram. A burning sacrifice means thanksgiving to God. A ram was the animal for consecration into priests. Thus a ram as the burnt sacrifice means thanksgiving to God for we have 1 priest in heaven – Jesus,
7 lambs. 7 – number of completeness and eternity, a lamb – symbol of our salvation. 7 lambs - the complete eternal salvation for all people through faith in Jesus;
1 goat. For all sins caused by the one – the father of sin - Satan.

Day of Firstfruits
symbolized the event when saints will be taken to heaven first, i.e. they will be the first fruits of salvation. On that day 2 bulls, 1 ram, 7 lambs and 1 goat were sacrificed (Num.28:26-30).

2 bulls (1 -for sins of the righteous and 1- for saints),
1 ram (thanks to God we have 1 priest in heaven – Jesus),
7 lambs (the complete salvation),
1 goat (for sins caused by Satan).

The Feast of Weeks
symbolized the restored earth after the Second coming. On that day 1 bull, 2 rams, 7 lambs and 1 goat were sacrificed (Lev.23:15-21). 
1 bull (for sins of the righteous left on earth);
2 rams (1 ram -thanks to God we have 1 priest in heaven – Jesus, 1 ram is ram of consecration (Ex.29:) of saints into the priests for Kingdom of heaven),
7 lambs (the complete salvation),
1 goat (for sins caused by Satan).

 The Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of ingathering of fruits in the end of year symbolized the new earth, which will be created 
1000 years after the Second coming. The sacrifices of the feast (Num.29:12-38; Lev.23:34-36) which was celebrated  for 7 days (7 days means eternity) symbolized the spiritual advancement of the righteous and saints on the new earth.

First day 

- 13 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Second day

- 12 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Third day

- 11 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Fourth day 

- 10 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Fifth day

-   9 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Sixth day

-   8 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Seventh day

-   7 bulls, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat;

Eighth day
Holy convocation (Lev.23:36) 

-   1 bull, 1 ram,     7 lambs, 1 goat   (Num.29:12-38).

The reduced number of bulls symbolized the improvement of nature of resurrected righteous. Many righteous, who will be resurrected since Adam and Eve, will know very little about God. The number 13 symbolizes the imperfectness. As we see, later their knowledge of God will be the same as righteous Christ’s believers (1 bull).

Number of rams reduced from 2, when there 2 priests were in heaven: Jesus and saints, to 1, when Jesus and His bride will become one (John10:30,14:20). The wedding will be on the new earth – Rev. 21:9,10, that is why Jesus and the saints will be the one only on the new earth, when He will give all His authority to the Father (1 Cor.15:25-28).

Number of lambs reduced from 14 (it is 7 -  the complete salvation through works of the Law and good works for those who didn’t know God  and 7 – the complete salvation through faith in Jesus. These two ways of salvation were proclaimed in the daily sacrifice of two lambs – Num.28:3 ) to 7 (the eternal salvation through Jesus).

1 goat (for sins caused by Satan).

Day of Atonement (Num.29:7-11; Lev.16:29), as it was shown above, symbolized a couple of events: the ascension of Jesus in heaven after the crucifixion, the cleansing of the Heavenly sanctuary, The Second coming, The Coming after the 1000 years. If all the feast were dedicated to the saved: saints and righteous, the day of Atonement showed what will happen with the saved as well as with the unsaved in the very end.

The goat for sins of people symbolized the wicked who will be killed.
The scapegoat is Satan, who will die. 
1 bull was sacrificed for cleansing of righteous off their sins, caused by their own imperfect nature. The saved will live on the new earth.
1 ram –thanksgiving to God for one priesthood of Jesus and saints.

Thus, we can see clear that not only the meaning of feast but also the meaning of sacrifices on those feasts points to the fact that there is a distinction between what in the future is prepared for a saint and what is prepared for a righteous.


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