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Ellen White - prophet?   

Time in prophecies 

Parallelism in prophecies

Earth after Second coming 

1260 days of the little horn  

Has GOD Left Israel Forever?  

Prophecy about the tree 

70-weeks prophecy.
Starting point

The prophecy itself 

Prophecy about 2300 days 

Opening of the Seals 

The image, beasts of Daniel and "Revelation" 

Beasts of "Revelation"

Whore of Babylon

Trumpets of “Revelation”  

The 7-th trumpet


Two prophets 

After the last battle

New or Restored Jerusalem?

Second Resurrection

New Jerusalem on the old planet?

After the 6-th bowl of wrath

The Judgment  

Some Adventists mistakes 

Time frame of the last days


Is it important to know?

Who was Jesus before He came first time?  

How conflict in heaven had began? 

Holy Feasts 

Why Sacrifices?  

The Tabernacle 

Meaning of Sacrifices

Day of Atonement



Seal of God and Mark of the Beast

The Book of Life

Time in Egypt

Time from Exodus to Solomon   
Application of Jephthan 

When did Exodus take place?

When will Jesus return?

What happens when we die?

God's Plan

To Adventists: Food for Thoughts 

Aliens  vs. demons 

40. How many years from the Exodus out of Egypt to 4-th year of Solomon's reign?

In order to determine correctly, how old mankind is, it is necessary to answer also the given question.

 In 1King.6:1 it’s said: «And it came to pass in the 480-th year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel… he began to build the house of the LORD». It’s looks like in the given phrase there is the answer to our question, however not everything is so simple as it looks.

In Acts 13:17-20 Paul told: «The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it. And about the time of forty years suffered he their manners in the wilderness. And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot. And after that he gave unto them judges about  450 years, until Samuel the prophet».

Why in one place in the Bible it is spoken, that from the Exodus up to Solomon - 480 years, and in another verse it is spoken that from the leaving of the desert up to Samuel - 450 years, or, another words: from the Exodus (i.e. + 40 years in desert) up to Samuel - 490 years?


Let see, why we have this problem?

So, we know:
          1) Israelites were in the desert during 40 years. There in desert God had divided the land for the Jews for their heritage (Ex. 23:31; Josh.12:2-6; 17:4). 
           2)  « And after that he gave unto them judges about  450 years, until Samuel » it includes the time of Joshua's government , his elders after him, and all of the judges up to the prophet Samuel. Total: about 450 years  from the desert until Samuel.

         3) Samuel became judge of Israel after the death of Eli, who was the judge of Israel in that time (1Sam.4:18).  Eli died suddenly, when he heard the Arc of the Covenant  was taken by Philistines. After the Arc had caused to Philistines too many troubles and was returned, they tried to attack Israel again, but Israelites prayed to God, and Philistines were defeated. After that they did not attack Israel for 20 years (1Sam.7:2). All this time Samuel was the judge of Israel, and neither Philistines, nor Amorites attack Israel any longer (1Sam.7:13-14). By the end of these 20 years Samuel made his sons judges over Israel (1Sam.8:1), and Amorites attacked Israel. At that time Israel people asked for a king (1Sam.12:12). Thus, Samuel was the judge for 20 years, and after these 20 years Saul  was elected as a king. Total: 20 years of government of Samuel

4) Saul reigned for 40 years (Act.13:21).

5) David reigned  for 40 years (1King.2:11).

6) Until the 4-th year of Solomon's government over Israel are 3 years of his reign.
From the Exodus until 4-th year of Solomon's government

40 years of the desert + about 450 of judges +20 of Samuel +40 of Saul +40 of David +3 of Solomon= about 593 years.

1King.6:1 speaks, that from the Exodus until 4-th year of Solomon - 480 years, that is less than 593 years on (593-480 =) 113 years.

Whence the such discrepancy? The answers is: there in Egypt  chronologists had fixed only victories of pharaohs and never - their losses, and the Jews following the Egyptian practice had fixed only years, when the land of Israel was not in servitude.

«This method appears strange and almost impossible to the modern mind, with its...pantheistic indifference to distinctions of good and evil...The nations of the East were accustomed to treat their history in this way. They kept account of the years of prosperity, but they omitted from their Chronology altogether the years of national humiliation and disgrace.» (Martin Anstey, The Romance Of Bible Chronology, p.159 [1913], taken from

Following this point of view, let's assume, that both: Paul and an ancient  chronicler of Israel’ history are right. The difference in their calculation consists only in that Paul gave us the length of the period of judges in real common Hebrew years and an ancient chronicler specified the same period without ranking years, when Israel was in bondage and disgrace.

So, let us add up the total of the years until Solomons government, when Israel was under servitude:
years under Mesopotamian yoke(Judg.3:8);
years under Moabites  (Judg.3:14);
years under Canaanites (Judg.4:3);
years under Midians (Judg.6:1);
years under Amorites and Philistines (Judg.10:8);
years under Philistines (Judg.13:1).

Total: 8 + 18 + 20 + 7 + 18 + 40 = 111 years, that is 2 years less than 113 years.

There in Acts13:17-21 Paul used the word which means «approximately, not exact». He told, that the time of government of the judges was « about 450 years».
There in 1King.6:1 the ancient chronicler didn’t use a word, which means "approximately". He told: « in the 480-th year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt». It is more logical to assume, the ancient chronicler was more exact than Paul.

Hence, as we have considered above, the both applications: the ancient  chronicler’s in 1King.6:1 and Paul’s in Acts13:18-21 speak about the same time period. However it will be correct to take for a basis of calculation of the time from Exodus to 4-th Solomon’s year the application of the ancient historian. Therefore we need to add to the 480 years, the ancient historian told about, 111 years of slavery =. We will receive 591 years from the Exodus out of Egypt until 4-th year of Solomon. 

The Bible also gives another confirmation that from the Exodus to the 4-th year of Solomon - 591 years. It is the application of  Jephthah.

      41. The application of Jephthah

It is interesting to notice the judge Jephthah counted years by the same method as the ancient chronicler did. When the king of the children of Ammon asked to return the cities which belonged to  Amorites before (Judg.11:13), Jephthah told him: «While Israel dwelt in Heshbon … and in Aroer … and in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, 300 years? why therefore did ye not recover them within that time?» (Judg.11:26).

Jephthah was the judge before Samuel thats why we need  to calculate time from leaving the desert, when people of Jephthah had received the land in their heritage, until Samuels time

So, from 591 years we need  to subtract 40 years of wandering in the desert (because Israel got lands of Amorites right after coming out of desert), 3 years of Solomon, 40 years of David, 40 years of Saul and 20 years of Samuel (who were after Jephthah) we will have : 591-40-3-40-40-20 = 448 years from leaving the desert until Samuel.

Now we need to find out how many years before Samuel Jephthah began to rule, thus we will know exact number of years from leaving the desert until Jephthah. For this purpose we need to study the time of Jair’s government, the judge prior to Jephthah.

So, Book of Judges 10:3-8.  There is told that Jair was the judge of Israel for 22 years. After he died God punished  sons of Israel for worshiping other gods: «And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon. And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead» (Judg.10:7,8).

As you remember, through the land of Israel river Jordan flows. On the East from Jordan there was land of the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh (Gilead). There Ammonites lived in the land of the Amorites. On the West of Jordan the other half of the Manasseh’s  tribe and rest of tribes of Israel settled down. There the Philistines lived. When Bible speaks about Israel oppression by the Philistines and Ammonites, its delivery from hands of enemies due to the judges it’s talking about parallel events.

We need to remember, usually the judges were elected only during a some threat to the national independence, for liberation of the people. And because Israel usually fell under a yoke of some one nation, the continuity of the judges was kept uniform, irrespective of, on the east or the west coast of Jordan the judge was elected. All depended on where a danger came from. When after Jair’s government Israel was attacked by both enemies: the Philistines and Ammonites, we can expect, that the judges were elected on the both coasts in the same time.

Thus, the above-stated verse speaks, that 18 years of  Amorite oppression   of Israel which lived on east coast of Jordan (Gilead) begun from the year when Jair died. After those 18 years of the oppression Jephthah the Gileadite became the judge.

Under the Philistines there other judges were, who lived on the west coast of Jordan river.  Ibzan from Judea ( Bethlehem) was judge for 7 years, Elon, Zebulonite, –10 years ; Abdon  from the land of Ephraim –8 (Judg.12:8-15). After them Samson was the judge during 20 years (Judg.15:20). Samson put to the end Philistine government over Israel, when  he killed «all the lords of the Philistines» (Judg.16:27). As the Philistines held Israel under their control for 40 years, and last 20 years Samson was the judge, it means, that their government began after 5 years Ibzan became the judge. After Samson Eli became the judge and ruled for 40 years, then - Samuel.

All government of the judges looks as follows:


So, now we can count how many years before Samuel Jephthah became the judge. For this purpose we need to count years from Jair up to Samuel in the right column (west bank of Jordan river) and subtract from them 18 years of Amorite oppression. (7+10+8+20+40) -18 = 67 years. It means, Jephthah became the judge on east bank 67 years prior to Samuel.

  As we already have counted, from leaving the desert up to Samuel - 448 years. It means, 448-67 = 381 years from leaving the desert up to Jephthah.  Jephthah said that 300 years passed by. Te difference is 81 years.

Now let's use the method, which was used by all ancient chroniclers of the East, and let's count those years, when Israel was oppressed by some nation up to Jephthah: 8+18+20+7+18 (see above) = 71 years. It is less than 81 years for 10 years. Why we have this difference?

Because even Manasseh already received the land of the Amorites in his heritage in the desert (Josh.12:1-6), he did not came to there until all Israel received all land (Josh.22:3,4,8). Within the first years Joshua completely defeated 7 peoples. Last fight was fight with the Anakims (Josh.11:21), it took place in 5-6 years after leaving of the desert, after Caleb asked Joshua to give him the land of the Anakims (Josh.14:6,7,10,12,13). After that « the land rested from war» (Josh.11:23).

Though all the land already belonged to Israel in 5-6 years after the leaving of the desert, the fights in some places still had place (Josh.17:14-18), therefore, except for the tribe of Ephraim and half of the tribe of Manasseh nobody else came to their land. Joshua was angry on other 7 tribes, which for so long hadn’t settled down, and still didn’t «go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you » (Josh.18:3). The land was given, but it was necessary to take it. After last 7 tribes and Levites had taken their land Joshua let the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh go to their land across  Jordan. It took place in 10 years after the leaving of the desert.

Hence, Jephthah , by using the method of chroniclers of the East, counted 300 years of habitation of Israel on the land of the Amorites, from the 10-th year after Israel left the desert, the year when the tribe of Manasseh returned to his own land.

The 300 peaceful years specified by  Jephthah are equal (300+71 years of oppression) to 371 chronological years. Now we can even calculate the time of the government of Joshua and his elders, who ruled after his death.

We know, that during the Exodus Joshua was a lad, a young man (Ex. 33:11). As he was estimated at the first census (Num.26:64,65), he was 20 years old or a little older (Num.14:29,30).. He probably was about 25. After 40 years in the desert he was about 65, he died in the age of 110 (Josh.24:29). And that means, Joshua ruled about 45 years.

To learn how long Joshua’s period was as well as the period of the elders after him, we need to count all time of judges  (including the years of slavery), specified in the Bible, and we need to subtract it from 448 years (from leaving the desert up to Samuel), which had mentioned above.

So, 8+40+18+80+20+40+7+40+3+23+22+18+67 years from Jephthah to Samuel = 396 years. Now from the 448 years we need subtract 396 = 52 years. Out of them about 45 years Joshua ruled, and thus other 7 years the elders after Joshua ruled.  

Now we can say for sure, that from coming out of desert until  Samuel  - 448 biblical years.

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